Title: Effects of nanoemulsions prepared with essential oils of copaiba- and andiroba against Leishmania infantum and Leishmania amazonensis infections
Author: Dhorm Pimentel De Moraes, Alessandra Regina; Tavares, Guilherme Diniz; Soares Rocha, Francisca Janaina; De Paula, Eneida; Giorgio, Selma
Is part of: EXPERIMENTAL PARASITOLOGY, v. 187, p. 12 - 21
Citation: Dhorm Pimentel De Moraes, Alessandra Regina; Tavares, Guilherme Diniz; Soares Rocha, Francisca Janaina; De Paula, Eneida; Giorgio, Selma; Effects of nanoemulsions prepared with essential oils of copaiba- and andiroba against Leishmania infantum and Leishmania amazonensis infections. EXPERIMENTAL PARASITOLOGY, v.187, p. 12-21, 2018
Abstract: Plant products are an important source of bioactive agents against parasitic diseases, including leishmaniasis. Among these products, vegetable oils have gained ground in the pharmaceutical field. Here we report the development of nanoemulsions as a delivery system for copaiba and andiroba oils (nanocopa and nanoandi) in order to test their effects on Leishmania infantum and L. amazonensis. The nanocopa and nanoandi had an average particle size of 76.1 and 88.1, respectively with polydispersity index 0.14 to 0.16 and potential zeta -2.54 to -3.9. The data indicated toxic activity of nanocopa and nanoandi against promastigotes of both Leishmania species ultrastructural analyses by scanning electron microscopy revealed that exposition to nanoemulsions induced oval cell shape and retracted flagella. The treatment with nanocopa and nanoandi led to a reduction in L infantum and L amazonensis infection levels in macrophage cultures. The nanoemulsions treatment have significant beneficial effects on all the parameters evaluated in lesions induced by L. amazonensis (lesion size, parasite burden and histopathology) on BALB/c mice. The treatment of L infantum-infected BALB/c mice with nanoemulsions also showed promising results reducing parasite burden in spleen and liver and improving histopathological features. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords: andiroba; copaiba; drug delivery; leishmaniose; nanoemulsion;
Subjects: CIENCIAS_BIOLOGICAS; Farmacologia Bioquímica e Molecular;
Funding: This work was supported by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) (470724/2013-7), the Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) (13/01536-1) and the Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES).