Title: Latitudinal diversity gradient and cetaceans from the perspective of MHC genes
Author: Andreani, M. L.; Freitas, L.A.; Ramos, E. K. S.; Nery, M. F.
Is part of: IMMUNOGENETICS, v. 72, p. 393 - 398
Citation: Andreani, M. L.; Freitas, L.A.; Ramos, E. K. S.; Nery, M. F.; Latitudinal diversity gradient and cetaceans from the perspective of MHC genes. IMMUNOGENETICS, v.72, p. 393-398, 2020
Abstract: Pathogen diversity is a key source of selective pressure on immune system genes, shaping molecular evolution mainly on widely distributed or migratory organisms such as cetaceans. Here, we investigated the effects of latitudinal span migration, different biomes occupation, and pathogen-mediated selection on MHC DQB locus divergence on cetaceans. We applied some evolutionary genetics methods using a dataset of 15 species and 121 sequences, and we found a trend on greater MHC divergence on tropical species when compared with either temperate or migratory species. In addition, oceanic cetaceans exhibit greater MHC divergence. Here, we show that, despite there was a correlation between the diversity of MHC DQB alleles with the distribution of organisms, the pattern of diversity found is not completely explained by pathogenic pressure, suggesting that other factors must be investigated for a better understanding of the processes related to the diversity of MHC in cetaceans.
Funding: This study was financed in part by the Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior - Brasil (CAPES) - Finance Code 001 and by FAPESP (2015/18269-1).