Title: Effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen for experimental treatment of schistosomiasis mansoni using praziquantel-free and encapsulated into liposomes: Assay in adult worms and oviposition
Author: Frezza Tf; Blanco Yc; Souza Alr; Gremião Mpd; Dolder Ma; Giorgio, S; Allegretti, S. M.
Is part of: Acta Tropica, v. 150, p. 182 - 189
Citation: Frezza Tf; Blanco Yc; Souza Alr; Gremião Mpd; Dolder Ma; Giorgio, S; Allegretti, S. M.; Effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen for experimental treatment of schistosomiasis mansoni using praziquantel-free and encapsulated into liposomes: Assay in adult worms and oviposition. Acta Tropica, v.150, p. 182-189, 2015
Abstract: The treatment of schistosomiasis depends on a single drug: praziquantel (PZQ). However, this treatment presents limitations such as low and/or erratic bioavailability that can contribute to cases of tolerance. Improvements to the available drug are urgently needed and studies with a controlled system of drug release, like liposomes, have been gaining prominence. The present study evaluated the activity and synergy between liposomal-praziquantel (lip.PZQ) and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO). Mice received doses of 60 or 100 mg/kg PZQ or lip.PZQ, 50 days post-infection, and after the treatment, were exposed to HBO (3 atmosphere absolute - ATA) for 1 h. The viability of adult worms and oviposition were analyzed, by necropsy and Kato-Katz examination performed after 15 days of treatment. A concentration of 100 mg/kg of lip.PZQ+ HBO was more effective (48.0% reduction of worms, 83.3% reduction of eggs/gram of feces) and 100% of the mice had altered of oograms (indicating interruption of oviposition) compared to other treatments and to the Control group (infected and untreated). It is known that PZQ requires participation of the host immune system to complete its antischistosomal activity and that HBO is able to stimulate the immune system. The drug became more available in the body when incorporated into liposomes and, used with HBO, the HBO worked as an adjuvant. This explains the decreases of oviposition and worms recovered form hepatic portal system. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Funding: We wish to thank Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Level or Education Personnel (CAPES) for the financial support.