Title: Hypoxia modulates phenotype, inflammatory response, and leishmanial infection of human dendritic cells
Author: Bosetto, Mc; Palma P; Covas D T; Giorgio, S.
Is part of: APMIS. Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica., v. 118, p. 108 -
Citation: Bosetto, Mc; Palma P; Covas D T; Giorgio, S.; Hypoxia modulates phenotype, inflammatory response, and leishmanial infection of human dendritic cells. APMIS. Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica., v.118, p. 108-, 2010
Abstract: Development of hypoxic areas occurs during infectious and inflammatory processes and dendritic cells (DCs) are involved in both innate and adaptive immunity in diseased tissues. Our group previously reported that macrophages exposed to hypoxia were infected with the intracellular parasite Leishmania amazonensis, but showed reduced susceptibility to the parasite. This study shows that although hypoxia did not alter human DC viability, it significantly altered phenotypic and functional characteristics. The expression of CD1a, CD80, and CD86 was significantly reduced in DCs exposed to hypoxia, whereas CD11c, CD14, CD123, CD49 and HLA-DR expression remained unaltered in DCs cultured in hypoxia or normoxia. DC secretion of IL-12p70, the bioactive interleukin-12 (IL-12), a cytokine produced in response to inflammatory mediators, was enhanced under hypoxia. In addition, phagocytic activity (Leishmania uptake) was not impaired under hypoxia, although this microenviroment induced infected DCs to reduce parasite survival, consequently controlling the infection rate. All these data support the notion that a hypoxic microenvironment promotes selective pressure on DCs to assume a phenotype characterized by pro-inflammatory and microbial activities in injured or inflamed tissues and contribute to the innate immune response.
Keywords: celulas dendriticas;
Funding: This work was supported by the Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico e Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior.