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Title: Functional alterations in macrophages after hypoxia selection
Author: Degrossoli, Adriana; Giorgio, S.
Year: 2007
Is part of: Experimental Biology and Medicine (Maywood, N.J.: Print), v. 232, p. 88 - 95

Citation: Degrossoli, Adriana; Giorgio, S.; Functional alterations in macrophages after hypoxia selection. Experimental Biology and Medicine (Maywood, N.J.: Print), v.232, p. 88-95, 2007

Abstract: Regions of low oxygen tension are common features of inflamed and infected tissues and provide physiologic selective pressure for the expansion of cells with enhanced hypoxia tolerance. The aim of this study was to investigate whether macrophages resistant to death induced by hypoxia were accompanied by functional alterations. A mouse macrophage cell line (J774 cells) was used to obtain subpopulations of death-resistant macrophages induced by long-term exposure to severe hypoxia (< 1% 02). The results indicated that exposing J774 macrophages to periods of severe hypoxia results in the selection of cells with phenotypes associated with the modulation of heat-shock protein 70 kDa (HSP70) expression, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and nitric oxide (NO) production and reduced susceptibility to parasite Leishmania infection. Thus, we suggest that hypoxia-selected macrophages may influence the outcome of inflammation and infection.

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