Title: Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) of an urban park in northeastern Brazil
Author: Melo, D.H.A.; Filgueiras, B.K.C.; Iserhard, C.A.; Iannuzzi, L.; Freitas, A.V.L.; Leal, I.R.
Is part of: CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, v. 97, p. 588 - 596
Citation: Melo, D.H.A.; Filgueiras, B.K.C.; Iserhard, C.A.; Iannuzzi, L.; Freitas, A.V.L.; Leal, I.R.; Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) of an urban park in northeastern Brazil. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, v.97, p. 588-596, 2019
Abstract: The present paper describes Heliconius hermathena curua Freitas & Ramos ssp. nov. This subspecies exhibits a non-mimetic phenotype typical of H. hermathena, but is characterized by the merging of the yellow streak over the forewing cubitus with the red postmedian band in the dorsal forewing. The subspecies is known from two localities in the south of Altamira, Para State, Brazil, where it inhabits an isolated patch of campina vegetation more than 600km from the nearest known H. hermathena populations. Geographic isolation of the population is supported by molecular data; based on the mitochondrial gene COI, all individuals of H. hermathena curuassp. nov. form a monophyletic group and all haplotypes found in it are unique, suggesting that gene flow is not currently on-going. Given the fragile situation of Amazonian white sand forests and the proximity of the population to areas of intensive agriculture, this new subspecies and its habitat deserve attention.
Keywords: Borboletas; Conservação; Fragmentação; Indicadores Biológicos;
Funding: Support for components of this work was provided through a collaborative grant, Dimensions US-Biota-Sao Paulo: Assembly and evolution of the Amazon biota and its environment: an integrated approach, supported by the US National Science Foundation (NSF DEB 1241056), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and FAPESP (grant 2012/50260-6); by the United States Agency for International Development -USAID/the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS), under the PEER program (Sponsor Grant Award Number: AID-OAA-A-11-00012) (Mapping and Conserving Butterfly Biodiversity in the Brazilian Amazon); by the CNPq (grants 302585/2011-7, 303834/2015-3, 563332/2010-7 and 163700/2017-6) and by FAPESP (grants 2011/50225-3 and 2012/16266-7); by the National Geographic Waitt grant (W400-15); and by the Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior - Brasil (CAPES) - Finance Code 001. This study was also funded with the assistance of SK Films and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, creators of the Henry Bates IMAX film "Amazon Adventure" (thanks to Wendy MacKeigan and Jonathan Baker in memorian).