Title: Chromosomal evolution in the South American Nymphalidae
Author: Dias, Fernando M. S.; Siewert, Ricardo R.; Freitas, André V. L.; Lamas, Gerardo; Magaldi, Luiza M.; Mielke, Olaf H. H.; Casagrande, Mirna M.
Is part of: SYSTEMATIC ENTOMOLOGY, v. 44, p. 226 - 250
Citation: Dias, Fernando M. S.; Siewert, Ricardo R.; Freitas, André V. L.; Lamas, Gerardo; Magaldi, Luiza M.; Mielke, Olaf H. H.; Casagrande, Mirna M.; Chromosomal evolution in the South American Nymphalidae. SYSTEMATIC ENTOMOLOGY, v.44, p. 226-250, 2019
Abstract: 1. Subfamily Ithomiinae comprises about 370 species of Neotropical butterflies associated with humid forest habitats from Mexico to northern Argentina. Adult Ithomiinae are central models in many mimicry rings throughout their range, and are assumed to have high potential as bio-indicators. Here, we compare diversity and composition of Ithomiinae mimicry rings in continuous vs. fragmented landscapes, and evaluate values these butterflies hold for ecological assessment and monitoring of anthropogenic disturbance.
Keywords: Biblidinae; Borboletas; Sistematica Filogenetica; Taxonomia;
Funding: We are in debt to Keith S. Brown Jr. for helping in field work and in diverse steps of the present study. Jean Paul Metzger gave logistical and technical support. Carla Penz and Larry Gilbert critically read the manuscript. Companhia de Saneamento Basico do Estado de Sao Paulo (Sabesp), represented by Jose Roberto Nali, and the Instituto Florestal de Sao Paulo facilitated field work in Morro Grande. The meteorological station of Eletropaulo - Eletricidade de Sao Paulo S. A, provided climatic data. We also thank the several land owners who permitted field work within their properties. We would like to thank Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP) for fellowships (00/14717-4 to M. U.-P.; 00/01484-1 and 04/05269-9 to A. V. L. F.), the Brazilian CNPq (A. V. L. F. fellowship 300315/2005-8) and the National Science Foundation (A. V. L. F. grant DEB-0527441). This study was conducted as part of M. U.-P.'s MSc project on Ecology in the Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp), and is part of two Biota/FAPESP thematic projects: 98/05101-8 and 99/05123-4.