Title: Parameters affecting plant defense pathway mediated recruitment of entomopathogenic nematodes
Author: Filgueiras, Camila Cramer; Willett, Denis S.; Pereira, Ramom Vasconcelos; Sabino, Paulo Henrique De Siqueira; Moino Junior, Alcides; Pareja, Martin; Dickson, Donald W.
Is part of: BIOCONTROL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v. 27, p. 1 - 11
Citation: Filgueiras, Camila Cramer; Willett, Denis S.; Pereira, Ramom Vasconcelos; Sabino, Paulo Henrique De Siqueira; Moino Junior, Alcides; Pareja, Martin; Dickson, Donald W.; Parameters affecting plant defense pathway mediated recruitment of entomopathogenic nematodes. BIOCONTROL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v.27, p. 1-11, 2017
Abstract: Entomopathogenic nematodes are natural enemies and effective biological control agents of subterranean insect herbivores. Interactions between herbivores, plants, and entomopathogenic nematodes are mediated by plant defense pathways. These pathways can induce release of volatiles and recruit entomopathogenic nematodes. Stimulation of these plant defense pathways for induced defense against belowground herbivory may enhance biological control in the field. Knowledge of the factors affecting entomopathogenic nematode behaviour belowground is needed to effectively implement such strategies. To that end, we explore the effect of elicitor, elicitor dose, mechanical damage, and entomopathogenic nematode release distance on recruitment of entomopathogenic nematode infective juveniles to corn seedlings. Increasing doses of methyl jasmonate and methyl salicylate elicitors recruited more entomopathogenic nematodes as did mechanical damage. Recruitment of entomopathogenic nematodes was higher at greater release distances. These results suggest entomopathogenic nematodes are highly tuned to plant status and present a strategy for enhancing biological control using elicitor-stimulated recruitment of entomopathogenic nematodes.
Funding: The Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES) program and the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq) provided financial support for the project through studentships and grants to CCF. MP was supported by a FAEPEX-PAPDIC grant from UNICAMP, and CNPq project 474449/2012-2.